The Evidence Act – Part Two – The Implementation

Federal agencies will implement the Evidence act by establishing evidence-building plans and evaluations. The plans and evaluations will be submitted to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for assessment and approval.

The Evidence Act mandates each agency to designate a chief data officer (CDO) to oversee the formulation of evidence-building programs and evaluations. The CDO will ensure that the federal agency has the required resources and competence to fulfill the new requirements.

The Evidence Act will impact many government programs and projects in the education, healthcare, and criminal justice sectors. For instance, the Department of Education will be expected to establish evidence-based planning and evaluations for initiatives such as Head Start and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)

Also, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) will be compelled to produce evidence-building strategies and assessments for programs such as Medicaid and the Affordable Care Act. Finally, The Department of Justice will be expected to establish similar plans and evaluations for initiatives such as the Criminal Justice Reinvestment Initiative.

Expected Challenges of the Evidence Act’s Implementation

While the Evidence Act will help federal agencies make better-informed decisions, there are various challenges that the agencies may face in implementing the Act. The implementing process is complex and will necessitate considerable changes in government agencies’ operations. Among the major challenges that federal agencies will face include the following:

  • Ensuring they have the resources and knowledge to carry out the new requirements, including data-gathering and analytic tools, and the staff training to utilize these tools effectively.
  • Overcoming organizational barriers to change within the agency, especially among employees who may be hesitant to adopt the new requirements and adjust their roles and duties.
  • Coordinating with other federal agencies to ensure that data and evaluations are shared and used effectively throughout the government.
  • Ensuring evidence-building plans are created in a way that aligns with the agency’s mission and objectives while also satisfying the requirements of the Evidence Act.
  • Ensuring that the implementation of the Evidence Act is consistent with other laws and regulations that affect the agency’s operations.

These constraints will necessitate agencies collaborating closely with OMB. The office will oversee the Evidence Act’s implementation and confirm that agencies are taking strides toward the law’s objectives.

Implementation Time Frame

The implementation of the Evidence Act will differ depending on the nature and needs of the agency. Some federal agencies may execute the requirements of the acts timely. In contrast, others will take longer to implement the provisions of the law.

After formulating the evidence-based plans and evaluations, the agencies will submit them for review and approval to OMB. The office will also oversee the implementation of the Evidence Act, ensuring the agencies are on track to meet the objectives of the Act.

Deadlines and Milestones

The Evidence Act doesn’t provide any timelines for implementing its provisions. Instead, agencies must submit evidence-building plans and evaluations to OMB for review and approval. OMB will then collaborate with agencies to develop implementation schedules aligned with the agency’s mission and objectives while also satisfying the provisions of the Evidence Act.

Monitoring and Evaluation of the Evidence Act’s Implementation

OMB will monitor and evaluate the implementation of the Evidence Act. The office requires federal agencies to provide evidence-building plans and evaluations for assessment and approval. 

OMB will subsequently work with federal agencies to develop implementation timeframes and track progress toward the law’s objectives. Also, OMB will evaluate the effectiveness of implementing the Evidence Act and recommend improvements.

Benefits of Implementation

The Evidence Act boasts various potential benefits to the federal agency and the general public. Below are some advantages of implementing the Evidence Act in the decision-making process.

  • Better-Informed Decisions

One of the most significant advantages is the increased utilization of data and evidence in decision-making and the ability to make effective decisions. 

By employing data and evidence in decision-making, federal agencies will make better-informed choices that are more likely to propel them to achieve their goals. Therefore, the agencies will lead more effective and efficient government programs, benefiting the general public in the long run.

  • Increased Transparency and Accountability

Implementing the Evidence Act also improves transparency and accountability in the government’s decisions and programs. The Act mandates that agencies make their data and evaluations public, allowing the public to comprehend government programs’ performance better and hold government officials accountable for their actions.

  • Improved Interagency Coordination and Cooperation

The Evidence Act can help increase cooperation and collaboration among several government entities. The Act stipulates that agencies share data and evaluations, ensuring that government programs are conceived and implemented in line with the government’s broader objectives.

How Implementing the Evidence Act can Improve the Effectiveness of Government Programs

Adopting the Evidence Act will aid in improving the efficacy of government programs by requiring federal agencies to utilize data and evidence to support decision-making. It will result in more informed judgments that are more likely to accomplish the objectives of government initiatives.

Furthermore, the Evidence Act will strengthen government openness and accountability by publicizing data and evaluations, improving government operations’ efficacy and efficiency.

Finally, the Act will help increase cooperation and collaboration among several government entities. By mandating agencies to share data and evaluations, the Evidence Act will help to guarantee that government initiatives are conceived and executed in conformity with the government’s objectives.

How Evidence Act’s Implementation Can Benefit the Public and Stakeholders

Implementing the Evidence Act will benefit the general public by delivering more effective and efficient government programs. Federal agencies will make better-informed judgments that are more likely to fulfill the objectives of government programs, eventually benefiting the public.

Moreover, adopting the Evidence Act may assist stakeholders such as non-profits, advocacy groups, and private corporations by giving them access to government data and evaluations.


We’ve covered all you need to know about the Evidence Act’s implementation, including its potential benefits to the public and stakeholders. The Evidence Act represents a significant advancement in using evidence and data in policymaking. Its implementation is critical to achieving the objectives of the law. 

If you seek to learn more about the Evidence Act and its implementation, consider visiting OMB’s website or the website of the agency you’re interested in. You can also check out the Government Accountability Office (GAO) website and other reputable sources to stay informed on the progress and developments of this Act.